Case outcome: The manager has an informal discussion with the employee about his colleagues' concerns. The manager encourages the employee to be more open with colleagues and to share information about his condition.
Case outcome: ADR helps address individual health, performance and behavioural issues. This can be through team conferencing with facilitators to discuss what has happened, the effects on people and the best way to resolve team issues.
Case outcome: This scenario involves serious allegations of misconduct. ADR or informal resolution is not the appropriate response. This case is more properly dealt with through the agency's procedures for investigating suspected misconduct.
HR practitioners have a role in assisting the complainant to make an informed choice about the options available to them. This includes discussing what is motivating the complainant and what they are seeking to achieve.
Conciliation is similar to mediation, except the conciliator provides advice on matters and options, but doesn't make determinations. In arbitration parties present evidence and arguments and the arbitrator makes binding decisions.
ADR tends to work when parties feel safe and the mediator is skilled, neutral and independent. Where a dispute is serious enough to be considered as a potential Code of Conduct matter, ADR is not appropriate.
The best response and intervention depends on the particular circumstances of the situation. The best intervention is quick, fair and transparent and the outcome is sustainable. That is, it balances the interests of all parties.